Human Rights Watch (HRW) said in a report on Thursday that Mahmoud Al-Werfalli, who is a commander of a special forces unit under Khalifa Haftar’s militias and wanted for the murder of 33 people in seven incidents between 2016 and 2017 and another incident in 2018 when he allegedly shot 10 people, remains at large.
HRW added that in Libya, justice remains elusive and impunity rampant a decade after the United Nations Security Council referred the situation in the country to the International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecutor.
The report also refers to the other two ICC-wanted Libyans implicated in the ICC prosecutor’s current active cases and who are still at large, namely: Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi, a son of Muammar Gaddafi, for his alleged role in attacks on civilians during the country’s 2011 revolution.
Also, Al-Tuhamy Mohamed Khaled (who died this month) a former head of the Internal Security Agency under Muammar Gaddafi.
The ICC prosecutor has said that securing these arrests continues to be one of her office’s greatest challenges. The ICC also relies on government cooperation to further its investigations, including by facilitating evidence collection and preservation, according to HRW.
“Hundreds of residents from the town of Tarhouna remain missing after a local militia abducted and forcibly disappeared them.” HRW remarked, listing the war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Libya over the last decade, especially during the aggression of Haftar’s militias on Tripoli from April 2019 to June 2020.